Our Topic Today: The Psychology of Hope

  • the spark of our life
  • stays within us for us to discover and experience


From the great German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche from his work The Joy Science :

these are hopes; but what will you see and hear of them when you have not experienced splendor, ardor, and rosy dawn in your own souls?

Feeling hope:

  • Reliving an experience could bring back the emotion you have experienced before
  • if you want to feel hope, you can think about situation that makes you feel hope in your life


Happy Mind Travel Psychological Experiment



Professor C.R. Snyder’s Hope Model

  1. having goals in mind
  2. the plan (pathways thinking)
  3. the desire or motivation to finish your goals (agency thinking)


High-hope individuals

  • setting goals of moderate certainty
  • creating a detailed, well-articulated primary route to attain their goals
  • produce alternative routes to goals
  • talk to themselves positively


Hope therapy

  • appropriate goal setting
  • problem-solving techniques
  • positive self-talk

10 ways to instill hope in YOU

(Dr. Jennifer Cheavens, Dr. C.R. Snyder and colleagues)

#1   Setting More Goals

#2   Think of more ways to accomplish a goal

#3   Have a Generalized Expectancy for Success

#4   Focus on Past Success

#5   Set Growth seeking Goals

#6   Set Concrete Manageable Goals

#7   Set Approach Goals

#8   Set Intrinsic Goals

#9   Exercise

#10 Cognitive Pep Talks


From Artiste Leila Kong:

Many people have this idea that life is a competition as there’s a saying that goes Life is like a competition and you have to win at the starting line. Life is just like and resembles a competition, but it’s NOT a competition. And life resembles a competition because we learn a great deal from it, just like we learn from a competition. And we know a lot of things through competition. We understand that there are wins and losses in life. When we win, we feel very happy and we learn that through hard work we will be recognized and we will achieve our goal. But what about losses? Even though we fail sometimes, what’s the reason behind? Is it because we didn’t work/try hard enough/give our best effort? When we lose, have we learnt how to stand up again? And that’s what we have to learn from life and our experience!

Take-away message

  • hope is inside all of us
  • we could learn how to express and enhance it
  • Hearing people’s cause and feeling the passion they have for their dreams do instill hope in us


Hope Resources

  • The Adult State Hope Scale Click here
  • The Adult Trait Hope Scale Click here 
  • Positive Self-talk Statements 



Snyder, C. R., Harris, C., Anderson, J. R., Holleran, S. A., Irving, L. M., Sigmon, S. T., et al.(1991). The will and the ways: Development and validation of an individual-differences measure of hope. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 570-585.


Book Recommendation

Psychology of Hope: You Can Get There from Here – Dr. C.R. Snyder

  • applies hope therapies to help people in the midst of hopelessness, those with depression, cancer and traumatic experiences
  • research on increasing hope in students and the general public
  • how to build on existing strengths
  • practical ways to become a hopeful person in different facets of life

Share your story of hope with us in the comment section! Your story will inspire many others!

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Enjoy to be happy!